What is Read Write Inc?
Read Write Inc (RWI) is a phonics complete literacy programme which helps all children learn to read fluently and at speed so they can focus on developing their skills in comprehension, vocabulary and spelling. The programme is designed for children aged 4-7. However, at Brighton Avenue we begin the programme in Nursery when the children develop a sound awareness including beginning to hear rhyme, sound talk and initial sounds. We will continue teaching RWI to children beyond the age of 7 and to any children where English is their second language if they still need support in their reading.
RWI was developed by Ruth Miskin and more information on this can be found at https://ruthmiskin.com/en/find-out-more/parents/.
How will RWI be taught?
All children are assessed each half term by the RWI assessment lead so they work with children at the same level. This allows complete participation in lessons. However, if we feel a child is progressing quickly we will assess them when needed to ensure they can continue to make accelerated progress.
When appropriate, children will be introduced to the initial sounds in short five minutes sessions.
When appropriate, in Reception all children will learn how to ‘read’ the sounds in words and how those sounds can be written down.
Year One & Year Two
Children follow the same format as Reception but will work on complex sounds and read books appropriate to their reading level. Daily sessions of RWI phonics last for one hour Monday to Thursday. Once children become fluent speedy readers, they will move on to English lessons.
Five key principles underpin the teaching in all Read Write Inc. sessions:
Purpose – know the purpose of every activity and share it with the children, so they know the one thing they should be thinking about
Participation – ensure every child participates throughout the lesson. Partnership work is fundamental to learning
Praise – ensure children are praised for effort and learning, not ability
Pace – teach at an effective pace and devote every moment to teaching and learning
Passion – be passionate about teaching so children can be engaged emotionally.
Children will be taught how to read as follows:
Before you start to teach your child, practise saying the sounds below. These are the sounds we use to speak in English.
We use pure sounds (‘m’ not’ muh’,’s’ not ‘suh’, etc.) so that your child will be able to blend the sounds into words more easily.
At school, we use a puppet called Fred who is an expert on sounding out words! we call it, ‘Fred Talk’. E.g. m-o-p, c-a-t, m-a-n, sh-o-p, b-l-a-ck.
The following video is an example of blending sounds with Fred. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dEzfpod5w_Q
The children are taught the sounds in 3 sets.
Set 1 Sounds are taught in the following order together with rhymes to help children form the letters correctly and instantly recognise sounds ready for blending.
m- down Maisie then over the two mountains. Maisie, mountain, mountain.
a-round the apple, down the leaf.
s-slide around the snake
ss- kiss and miss
d-round the dinosaur's back, up his neck and down to his feet.
t-down the tower, across the tower,
i-down the insects body, dot for the head.
n-down Nobby and over the net.
kn-knock, knock, who’s there?
p-down the plait, up and over the pirates face.
g-round the girls face, down her hair and give her a curl
o-all around the orange
c-curl around the caterpillar
ck- tick tock clock
k-down the kangaroos body, tail and leg
u-down and under the umbrella, up to the top and down to the puddle
b-down the laces, over the toe and touch the heel
f-down the stem and draw the leaves
ff-huff and puff
ph-take a photo
e-slice into the egg, go over the top, then under the egg
l-down the long leg
ll- Jill up the hill
h-down the horse's head to the hooves and over his back
Sh-slither down the snake, then down the horse's head to the hooves and over his back
r-down the robot's back, then up and curl
j-down his body, curl and dot
v-down a wing, up a wing
y-down a horn, up a horn and under the yak's head.
w-down, up, down, up the worm.
wh- whisk, whisk
th-down the tower, across the tower, then down the horse’s head to the hooves and over his back
z-zig-zag-zig, down the zip.
zz- buzz, buzz
Ch-curl around the caterpillar, , then down the horse's head to the hooves and over his back
qu-round the queen’s head, up to her crown, down her hair and curl
x-cross down the arm and leg and cross the other way
ng-a thing on a string
nk- I think I stink
Please do not use letter names at this early stage.
Children will also use pictures for each sound to help recognise the sound and then form the shape of the sound.
The children are then taught Set 2 Sounds - the long vowels. When they are very confident with all of set 1 and 2, they are taught Set 3 Sounds.
Long vowel sound
Set 2 Speed Sound cards
Teach these first
Set 3 Speed Sound cards
ay: may I play
a-e: make a cake
ai: snail in the rain
ee: what can you see
ea: cup of tea
e: he me we she be
e-e: go Pete and Steve
igh: fly high
i-e: nice smile
ie: terrible tie
ow: blow the snow
o-e: phone home
ao: goat in a boat
oo: poo at the zoo
u-e: huge brute
ew: chew the stew
ue: come to the rescue
oo: look at a book
ar: start the car
or: shut the door
aw: yawn at dawn
au: Paul the astronaut
air: that’s not fair
are: share and care
ir: whirl and twirl
ur: nurse for a purse
er: a better letter
ou: shout it out
ow: brown cow
oy: toy for a boy
oi: spoil the boy
ire: fire fire!
ear: hear with your ear
ure: sure it’s pure?
Nonsense words (Alien words)
As well as learning to read and blend real words, children will have plenty of opportunities to apply their sound recognition skills on reading ‘Nonsense words’. These words will also feature heavily in the Year One Phonics Screening check in the summer term.
Children will be introduced to ‘Ditty books’ when they successfully begin to read single words. The short vowels should be kept short and sharp:
Children use sound-blending (Fred Talk) to read short ditties. Children will then be challenged to use their developing phonic knowledge to write short sentences.
Within all the books children will have red and green words to learn to help them to become speedy readers. Red words are words that are not easily decodable and challenge words to extend children’s vocabulary. Green words are linked to the sounds they have been learning and are easily decodable.
Dots and dashes represent the sound each letter makes.
During the RWI session, children will read the book three times and at each new reading they will have plenty of opportunities to practise using their developing comprehension skills. You may have heard your child talking about ‘hold or proofread a sentence’.
Hold a sentence is an activity that encourages children to remember a whole sentence while focusing on spelling and punctuation.
Proofread is an activity that allows the children to check for mistakes linked to spelling and grammar. Children complete a longer piece of independent writing, which gives them the opportunity to show off their creativity and to practice their spelling, grammar and punctuation.
A spelling check will be held each week (This will only start in Reception when children are ready to write and form their letters). Children will use first use ‘Fred fingers’ to first sound out a word before they write it down. Children learn how to spell rather than just get tested. Furthermore, this way of teaching spellings allows children to use Fred fingers whenever they get stuck with spelling a word. Children pinch each sound on fingers before writing the word.
To help at home:
Your child will bring a book home which closely matches the sounds they have learnt in RWI that week. We also like to encourage reading for pleasure therefore your child will be given the opportunity to choose a book from our school library to read at home with you. Please help them to read and give lots of praise!
If you have any other questions about RWI, please see your class teacher or see Miss Brown.
Phonics Screening Check Year One
What is the Year 1 phonics screening check?
The Year 1 phonics screening check is a short, light-touch assessment to confirm whether individual pupils have learnt phonic decoding to an appropriate standard.
It will identify the children who need extra help so they are given support by their school to improve their reading skills. They will then be able to retake the check so that schools can track pupils until they are able to decode.
Useful websites for Parents
Please find a list of websites that you may find useful in helping you and your child learn about phonics. Games and fun activity websites are also included.
http://jollylearning.co.uk/ - Games and information for parents
http://www.phonicsplay.co.uk/ - many games to play
http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/ks1/literacy/phonics/play/ - fun games for the children to play
http://www.ictgames.com/literacy.html - fun games for the children to play
http://www.kenttrustweb.org.uk/kentict/kentict_home.cfm - fun games for the children to play and information for parents
http://www.ngfl-cymru.org.uk/ - fun games for the children to play
http://www.starfall.com/ - fun games for the children to play
http://www.firstschoolyears.com/ - fun games for the children to play
BBC Bitesize - many games to play covering all areas of the curriculum